Folio from a Quran
Egypt, mid 14th century
Many fourteenth-century Korans include sumptuously illuminated double-page frontispieces, finispieces (end folios), and chapter headings that often combine floral motifs, geometric designs, and intricate arabesques. By this time, calligraphers favored a variety of cursive scripts for the body of the Koran, while the earlier kufic script was explored for its decorative qualities and primarily reserved for heading. Here, it is used for an ending— the last two verses of sura 9, known as Repentance.